One of the most pivotal vitamins to human functions are B vitamins. These vitamins play a crucial role in building brain function, boosting energy, and cellular metabolism/health (Healthline). That’s a lot of responsibilities for the B’s!
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B vitamins are also water-soluble vitamins, which means they are not stored in the body like its fat-soluble counterpart. Due to this, it is important to replenish your B vitamins every day to assure good health.
THE 8 B VITAMINS
Did you know there are 8 subtypes of vitamin B? Each B vitamin aids in a unique bodily function, so it’s important to consume a proper amount of each. It might sound like a lot to keep track of, but luckily we’re here to break it down for you!
- Vitamin-B1, also known as Thiamin, helps regulate the nervous system by creating neurotransmitters. It also helps break down sugar and produce fatty acids.
- Vitamin-B2, also known as Riboflavin, aids in the production of cellular energy. This helps the body break down fats, drugs, and hormones.
- Vitamin-B3, also known as Niacin, allows for communication and metabolic processes among cells. It also supports the expression of DNA in cells!
- Vitamin-B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, aids in the creation of new coenzymes, proteins, and fats.
- Vitamin-B6, also known as Pyridoxine, is involved in more than 100 enzyme reactions as well as brain development.
- Vitamin-B7, also known as Biotin, regulates DNA and cellular communication.
- Vitamin-B9, also known as Folate, helps with DNA replication, cell division, and metabolism of vitamins and amino acids.
- Vitamin-B12, also known as Methylcobalamin, aids in the function of cells, tissues, and organs of the human body. Specifically, B12 helps with hormone synthesis and the formation of bones, blood cells, muscles, nerves, and genetic materials. It even helps your blot clot properly when you get a cut!
So how does one assure he or she is obtaining the proper amounts of vitamin B every day? Fortunately, the different forms of vitamin B are found in many common food groups such as dairy, meat, beans, fruits, whole grains, dark green vegetables, nuts and seeds, and soy products. However, some populations such as older adults and those with certain medical conditions might have trouble properly absorbing the vitamin through simply eating a well-balanced diet. In these cases, it’s important to supplement your B vitamin intake to make sure your body can function properly. Vegetarians and vegans are also at risk for vitamin B deficiency considering many B vitamins (such as B12) can only be found organically in animal products.
There are also many health benefits to taking a B-complex supplement on top of getting B vitamins through your diet. Studies show that taking a daily B-complex vitamin may reduce stress, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. You can think of a B-complex supplement like a little happiness boost for your day!